Flip: The Basics of Lightroom

What does it do?

  • Photoediting
  • Curation and archiving

First Steps:

  • Import files with the import button
  • Locate files
  • To develop, click on develop mode
  • To search for images, click library mode

Important Information

  • Click reset to reset the entire image settings to the original
  • Use the YY settings at the bottom to see the before and after
  • It’s all about what you want your image to look like
  • Cropping is accessed by the grid on the side
    • You NEVER lose the cropped image in lightroom
  • Some pictures are beyond editing abilities, know when you have to let it go


  • Flagging
    • Click F or U
  • Starring
    • Go to the bottom or click 0-5
  • Colour coding
    • Click 6-9
    • Useful for categorizing
  • Looking at them
    • There is a bar you can use to filter all of them
    • Library filter

Smart Previews

  • Usually, if you unlink the two images, all you’re left with is metadata and unedited pictures
  • If you create smart preview, it allows you to temporarily store pictures without the raw files
  • Useful for travel, when you don’t want to take gigantic amounts of photographs with you
  • When you relink the library and your files, your pictures are updated
  • First way
    • Click smart previews on the right hand side while you import your pictures
  • Second way
    • Select images
    • Library
    • Preview
    • Build smart preview
  • You can get rid of it any time

The Lightroom Catalogue

  • Most important thing
  • Contains all edits within your work until export
  • Whatever you do in lightroom stays in lightroom
  • Saving is not an option in lightroom
    • Like google docs
  • If you leave without saving the catalogue, you just leave and your images stay exactly the same

White Balancing

  • If you take a tinted picture
  • Use the colour picker to find neutral colours
    • 18% greys or so, not too light, not too dark
  • You can adjust with temperature setting
  • Models
    • You will usually get a model to hold up a colour sheet for colour balancing
  • You can use the same settings on another picture, by clicking previous
    • Will only apply to the picture directly afterwards
  • Sometimes, neutral colours are not what you want, so you can adjust manually
  • Use your primary subject as your guide for colour picking

Batch Processing

  • When you do a lot of work on a series, the first image you edit is called the active picture, it is your frame of reference
  • Very useful for images taken in the same place
  • Click on your reference picture and then shift or command and click the remaining ones
  • Click sync to apply effect

Lens Correction

  • Correcting perspectives
  • Go down to transform and you can change the perspectives
  • Auto or full usually works
  • If not, edit manually

Noise Cancellation

  • Noise
    • Little particles in your photograph that occur when you underlight imagery
    • Grainy
  • Not so good in PSD because there may not even be enough information to cancel noise
  • Go to detail menu
  • Alter luminescence and detail together, they go hand in hand

Editing in PSD

  • Right click on the image
  • Edit in PSD
  • Click Edit with Lightroom adjustments to preserve work across softwares
    • Fun fact: remember to use content awareness at the top when using the patch tool
  • If you want to move back to lightroom, just save the image and lightroom will automatically update
  • The one you’ve worked on in photoshop will usually have an “edit” in the file name so you know which one you are working on

The Sliders

  • Exposure and contrast aren’t that great
  • Highlight is to make whites stronger
  • Shadows are to make blacks stronger


  • Click tab to hide panels
  • Shift and tab is hide all panels
  • E is individual view
  • G is grid view
  • L is light view
    • Three views
    • Objective view of colour
    • Desktop, dim, dark
  • F is fullscreen
  • N is look at more than one picture at once
    • If you click shift, the pictures will be added to the grid
  • Command A is select all
  • F for flag
  • U for unflag
  • Command shift E is Export


  • Information about photoshop
  • Un-Edited
    • How the picture was take, etc.
    • Unchangeable information
  • Edited
    • The information you give the photograph
    • Keywords
  • Copywriting
    • Go to metadata panel
    • Put your name in
    • Change status from unknown to copywritten
  • Public Domain
    • You still claim ownership, but you give it to people to use
  • Only put as much information as you need in your metadata
    • Be careful with what you put
  • To create a preset
    • Preset
    • Edit presets
    • Create new presets
    • Apply to all images
  • Or
    • Edit
    • Metadata
    • Presets


  • Export two things:
    • Lightroom catalogue
    • Pictures
  • Good to keep a copy of lightroom catalogue for future work
  • You need to tell lightroom how many pictures you want to export
  • Always make sure you are exporting the correct amount of photos
  • Always label and create meaningful folder names
  • You can change colour mode, resolution, etc.
  • Copyright settings
    • If you leave the metadata in, people can figure out how to take your pictures

Export as Catalogue

  • Unclick export selected pictures only
  • Unclick export negative files
    • Negative files are unedited pictures
  • Click build smart previews
    • Will create a seperate file of smart previews
  • Components
    • You will have three files
    • .lrcat
      • Your original editing files


  • There is no saving
  • If you quit the program and no one has touched it, it will be the same
  • You can set automatic saving, but it isn’t recommended


  • File
  • New catalog
  • Any new catalog is a new working space

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